1. Herbert Lee (1919 - 1961). On September 25, 1961, Herbert Lee was shot and killed by E.H. Hurst, a white member of the Mississippi Legislature. Lee worked with civil rights leader Bob Moses to help register black voters. Louis Allen, a black man who witnessed the murder, was later killed as well.
2. On April 9, 1962, Mississippi police officer William Kelly ordered military police officer Cpl. Roman Ducksworth Jr., off the interstate bus he was on. Cpl. Ducksworth was on leave to visit his wife who was expecting their sixth child. Once outside, Kelly shot and killed Ducksworth.
3. On September 15th, 1963, members of a KKK group planted a box of dynamite with a time delay under the steps of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham Alabama. The blast killed four young African American women—Addie Mae (14), Denise McNair (11), Cynthia Wesley (14), and Carole Robertson (14). Following the attack, riots broke out in many black neighborhoods in Birmingham. An investigation later concluded that as many as 15 sticks of dynamite were used to make the bomb.
4. James Earl Chaney (1943 – 1964) was one of three American civil rights workers murdered by the Ku Klux Klan during Freedom Summer near Philadelphia, Mississippi. The Sheriff’s Deputy of Neshoba County, Mississippi, Cecil Price, arrested Chaney and two others for an alleged traffic violation. The men were released later that evening, but on the way back to Meridian, they were stopped by police patrol and two carloads of Klu Klux Klan members on Highway 19. They were transported in Price’s car to another remote rural road, where they were killed and buried in an earthen dam.
5. Jimmie Lee Jackson (1938 - 1965) was a civil rights protestor who was shot and killed by Alabama State Trooper James Bonard Fowler in 1965. Jackson was unarmed and attempting to protect his mother from police brutality. His death inspired the Selma to Montgomery marches, an important event in the American Civil Rights movement.
6. Benjamin Brown (1945 - 1967). On May 12, 1967, former civil rights organizer Benjamin Brown was a bystander at a protest in Jackson, Mississippi when police fired into the crowd, hitting Brown once in the back and a second time in the back of the head.
7. Delano Herman Middleton (1951 - 1968), Samuel Ephesians Hammond, Jr. (1950 - 1968), and Henry Ezekial Smith (1949 - 1968).
Despite the fact that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 had been passed four years earlier, the only bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina still barred blacks from bowling. On February 5, 1968, a group of about forty students marched to the bowling alley to protest the continued segregation.
The bowling alley closed for the evening but tensions remained high, and two days later culminated in a standoff between protestors and police at nearby State College. At least 30 of the young men and women protesting the bowling alley’s continued segregation suffered bullet wounds. Nearly all of the students were struck Henry Ezekial Smith, a State College sophomore, Samuel Ephesians Hammond, Jr., a State College freshman and halfback on the football team, and Delano Herman Middleton, a high school student whose mother worked at State College, all died as a result of their wounds, and the incident is now known the Orangeburg massacre.