"It is the role of critical sociology, my fourth type of sociology, to examine the foundations- both the explicit and the implicit, both normative and descriptive of the research programs of professional sociology. We think here of the work of Robert Lynd (1939) who complained that social science was abdicating its responsibility to confront the pressing cultural and institutional problems of the time by obsessing about technique and specialization. C. Wright Mills (1959) indicted professional sociology of the 1950s for its irrelevance, veering toward abstruse grand theory or meaningless abstracted empiricism that divorced data from context. Alvin Gouldner (1970) took structural functionalism to task for its domain assumptions about a consensus society that were out of tune with the escalating conflicts of the 1960s. Feminism, queer theory and critical race theory have hauled professional sociology over the coals for overlooking the ubiquity and profundity of gender, sexual, and racial oppressions. In each case critical sociology attempts to make professional sociology aware of its biases, silences, promoting new research programs built on alternative foundations. Critical sociology is the conscience of professional sociology just as public sociology is the conscience of policy sociology."
Michael Burawoy, “Public sociology” (via reblogging4reference)